Cannabis has long been considered less toxic than tobacco and alcohol. The decline in the price of cannabis in recent years has helped to increase consumption.
Cannabis is the most widely abused illicit product in Orange County. At age 17, one in five adolescents consume more than 10 times in the year, and 15% of them several times a week. Cannabis is the most consumed psychoactive product among young people in Orange County, according to a report by the Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction. Regular cannabis use can lead to other addictions to other drugs, such as cocaine and heroin.
Dronabinol is the medical term for delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, in its synthetic form. Sold under the name Marinol, dronabinol is recommended for anti-emetic therapy in patients receiving chemotherapy. It is also prescribed to develop the appetite of AIDS patients. Administered orally, this drug is prescribed in Orange County only in the specific context of pain centers, when other molecules do not prove to be effective in relieving patients. The substance is eliminated by the renal route.
The immediate effects of cannabis are the feeling of a state of relaxation and well-being, euphoria and a change in perceptions. An increase in the rhythm of the pulse , a slowing down of the reflexes, an appetite stimulation , dry mouth , red eyes sometimes accompanied by a sensation of nausea appear .
Cannabis use has a severe impact on health. As per the report from the Drug rehab Orange County, 50% of 17 year olds who smoke cannabis have social problems. Cannabis burns less than tobacco and produces more carbon dioxide. Smoking a joint is equivalent to smoking between 2.5 and 5 cigarettes in a row. Smoking cannabis would be 20 times more dangerous to health, at equal doses, than smoking tobacco.
Respiratory manifestations may be chronic or more severe bronchitis, cancer (esophagus, throat or lung cancer.) Smoking cannabis is about 20 times more dangerous to health, at equivalent doses, than smoking tobacco. Cannabis smoke is twice as concentrated in carcinogens as tobacco smoke, and the joints are usually smoked without a proper filter until the last puff, which increases the amount of smoke swallowed. Lung cancer is multiplied by 5.7 in people who had smoked more than one joint daily for 10 years, or two joints a day for five years. The harmful effect on the lungs (wheezing, coughing) would be directly proportional to the number of seals smoked. Tobacco users who also use cannabis aggravate the harmful effects on the lungs and multiply by 3.5 the risk of chronic bronchitis.
A study published in the medical journal Neurology and led by a team of researchers has highlighted the effects of cannabis on memory with a loss of 50% of immediate memory in large consumers, impacting intellectual ability, verbal activity and attention.