The Minimally Invasive Surgery has been described as the sector’s most promising prospect. Still, its techniques and methods are not as widely known to the public as they should, despite its excellent outcomes and impressive feedback from the patients and their relatives.
In fact, most people do not understand the fundamental differences between the conventional surgical approach, commonly referred to as “open” surgery, and Minimally Invasion Surgery. In this article, we have tried to describe in simple terms the five most significant differences between the two types of surgical treatments.
The Differences Between Open & Minimally Invasive Surgery
Open Surgery involves large incisions, providing the surgeon with easy access and excellent visibility of the afflicted area. On the other hand, such incisions are always associated with extensive blood loss, cutting and, in some cases, even removing tissues to facilitate the whole procedure. Such an extensive trauma logically incurs considerable postoperative pain for extended periods of time, and increase the risk of a post-surgical infection and other relevant complications. The extent of the incisions and damage to the afflicted tissues, especially the muscles, often forces the patient to remain inside the hospital for considerable time – thus raising the overall treatment expenses significantly –, leading to even longer period of painful recovery. Even after the patient is fully recovered, large scars will definitely remain on his/her body. These saddening corollaries make open surgery a disheartening prospect for most patients, who resort to it only when pain and discomfort become intolerable.
Minimally Invasive surgical procedures were developed with the specific purpose of eliminating, or at least, minimizing the discomfort and pain associated with open surgery while retaining or even improving its outcomes.
First of all, MIS involves far smaller (usually 1/10 the size of the underlying mass) incisions and techniques with minimally disruptive effects on the surrounding tissues and muscles. Such operations are typicallyperformed on “a day surgery” basis (the patient is released on the same day), involving the shortest hospitalization possible. The whole nature of the procedure obviously leads in less operative trauma, pain, and scarring, zero or minimal blood loss, minimizes the risk of postoperativecomplications and expedites the patient’s recovery. Hence, he or she can return to his/her daily routine or work much faster, alleviating the financial burden of the treatment, as well as the agony of the patient’s family.
Considered by Surgeons the doorway to revolutionary breakthroughs in medical treatment, leading to excellent outcomes, quicker recoveries, and more economical and affordable treatments, making surgery, instead of the last resort,a much more appealing option for patients.